Known for its heavenly taste and wonderful medicinal properties, the papaya plant is a favorite among horticulturalists across India. In fact, papaya is the fifth-most important commercial plant in India.
Papaya plants are usually sown during spring (February to March), monsoon (June to July) and autumn (October to November). These perennial plants grow throughout the year.
Here are 5 tips that will help that will help you cultivate papayas in an optimal manner:
The Right Way of Watering
Papayas have leaves that are large in size and soft in texture. In warmer climates, a lot of water evaporates through them. That’s why it’s important to supply sufficient water to your plants, especially during the initial growing stages.
However, over watering is also a major issue that can lead to root rot. This issue often occurs during colder seasons when evaporation levels subside. Moreover, papayas are very sensitive to water-logging that may occur due to heavy rainfall in non-porous soils. In such cases, it’s better to choose a slightly sloped field as opposed to a perfectly leveled one.
Make an appropriate watering plan based on the prevailing climate and soil conditions to help your plants grow in the best possible manner.
Papayas are susceptible to heavy wind and often break under duress. This is because they are tender and shallow-rooted. Windbreakers are a must if you intend to maintain a papaya orchard. First, identify the direction from which wind flows into your field and subsequently, plant a protective boundary of windbreak trees.
This also helps prevent the damage caused by soil erosion in the long run.
Manure and Fertilizers
Heavy doses of manure and fertilizers are required for papayas. As the plant matures, the size of application needs to increase correspondingly. It’s been noticed that nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium go a long way when it comes to promoting growth and realizing better yields. Each plant should be ideally given around 20 to 25 kg of farm manure at least once a year.
It’s recommended to supply around 400 g of nitrogen and potassium and around 250 g of phosphorus in six split applications while maintaining optimal irrigation.
Combating Pests and Diseases
Due to the papaya plant’s vulnerability to a wide variety of pests and diseases, it’s important to take a preventive stance while growing papayas. You need to be prepared to tackle conditions ranging from black rot to internal yellowing.
With these actionable tips, you will be able lengthen the life spans of your plants while also achieving better yields. At Sneha Nursery, we provide high-quality papaya seedlings that can easily be transplanted into your field with minimal effort. Papaya cultivation becomes a whole lot easier with our seedlings.
If you’re interested in obtaining excellent papaya yields this season, then feel free to contact us at the number mentioned in our website.